While ultracapacitors can outlast most electronic components in any application, they can meet an early demise if you really try. But the list of things you can do to kill an ultracapacitor is pretty limited.
Reverse polarity is a dangerous electrical condition that can be difficult to prevent once a system leaves the factory, so adding circuitry that protects against its effects is an important part of improving system reliability. This article looks at the many methods for protection and weighs their tradeoffs.
I would like to focus on embedded systems integrated on silicon substrates. These embedded circuits get their power and signals from the outside world.
Q is a dimensionless number. It represents the ratio of the maximum energy stored to the power loss in a system at a given angular frequency, rather than the inverse (DF).
I now hope to cover the comparative advantages and disadvantages of both mechanical and electronic potentiometers.