# Amplifier RF: Think Before You Choose!

Editor's note: I am pleased to bring you another of Analog Devices RAQ edition authored by Tina Collins, Application Engineer, Linear Products and Technology Group, Analog Devices.

Question: I’m selecting an op amp for my precision signal path. Isn’t faster always better?

Answer: When selecting the feedback resistor (RF) for single-ended voltage feedback and a fully differential amplifier, consideration needs to be given to the system requirements. There are trade-offs in the selection of RF, which include power dissipation, bandwidth, and stability. If speed is critical, as discussed in RAQ Issue 122, “The Truth About Voltage Feedback Resistors,” the recommended data sheet RF value is advised. If power dissipation is critical, and the system requires a higher gain, a larger RF can be the right choice.

The choices for RF increase as gain increases. The destabilizing effect between the internal capacitance of the amplifier and the feedback resistor is reduced with larger gains. As gain increases, the amplifier is less sensitive to gain peaking.

The example of Figure 1 shows the lab results of the normalized frequency response for the ADA4807-1, low noise, rail-to-rail input and output, voltage feedback amplifier in a noninverting configuration with an RF of 10 k Ω for gains of 11 V/V, 21 V/V, and 31 V/V.

Figure 1

Lab results for different gains with RF = 10 kΩ. VS = ±5 V, RLOAD = 1 kΩ for gains 11 V/V, 21 V/V, and 3 V/V.

The degree of peaking in the small signal frequency response indicates instability. Increasing the gain from 11 V/V to 31 V/V results in less than 1 dB of peaking. This would imply that the amplifier has sufficient phase margin with an RF of 10 k Ω and is stable at high gains.

Validating a circuit in the lab is not a mandatory step for verifying potential instabilities. Figure 2 shows the simulation results using the SPICE model with gain of 2 V/V and 31 V/V. The instability with using a large gain resistor such as 10 k Ω in a gain of 2 V/V is shown in comparison with the same RF in a gain of 31 V/V. Figure 3 shows results for gains 11 V/V, 21 V/V, and 31 V/V in the time domain.

Figure 2

Simulation results using the ADA4807 SPICE model. RF = 10 k Ω , VS = ±5 V, RLOAD = 1 k Ω for gain = 2, and 31 V/V.

Figure 3

Pulse response simulation results using the ADA4807 SPICE model. VS = ±5 V, RF = 10 k Ω ; G = 11 V/V, 21 V/V, and 31 V/V and RLOAD = 1 k Ω .

There are system trade-offs in the selection of RF. To achieve full performance from a system, the appropriate RF choice will depend on the system requirements with respect to stability, bandwidth, and power.

Author

Tina Collins [Tina.Collins@analog.com] is an applications engineer in the Linear Products and Technology Group in Wilmington, MA. Her main interests are analog and mixed-signal design for high speed amplifiers. Tina joined Analog Devices in 2001. Prior to becoming an applications engineer in 2013, she focused on developing and testing high speed amplifiers. Tina received a B.S.E.E. from the University of Florida in 2001 and an M.S.E.E. from Northeastern University in 2010.

## 3 comments on “Amplifier RF: Think Before You Choose!”

1. jimford1
December 4, 2016

Hi, Steve.

Just so that you and the others on Planet Analog know, I am no longer working for Broadcom Ltd.  They laid me off just before Thanksgiving with a very generous severance package, and I have several good opportunities for my next stint.  I may end up at Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems in Fullerton, CA doing tactical radios or at L3 Photonics in Carlsbad, CA doing some other stuff I wouldn't be allowed to talk about.  Meanwhile, I'm getting some extra family time in, doing some work around the house, and learning Altium CircuitMaker, which I may use to do some consulting over the holidays.  Trying to work around kids' school schedules to get to CES and RWW.  If at all possible, I'll get up to the Analog Afficionados dinner in February.  Wish me luck in my next adventure!

2. antedeluvian
December 5, 2016

@jimford

I did notice your user name got shortened. Good luck for the future!

3. jimford1
December 5, 2016

Thanks for the well-wishing, Aubrey.  Doing fine, with a pending offer, a phone interview in about half an hour, and an in-person interview at a 3rd company in 2 days.

BTW, Steve, the links I received in my email saying somebody had responded to my posts didn't work; I received this error message “No DSN found for ads_pacms”  The Planet Analog all signal no noise banner came up as did the blog name, e.g. Amplifier RF: Think Before You Choose!, but the page was blank except for the error message.  At first I thought it was because I was using my smartphone (Samsung Galaxy S5), but the same thing happened from my home laptop computer, connected through cable modem.  Weird!

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