Whatever your applications design(s) — digital multimeter, oscilloscope, on-board charger (OBC), plug-in battery for hybrid or electric vehicles, power supply for a motor drives, etc. — it needs to include overcurrent protection.
No SPICE model can be better than the real measurements performed on electronic components, which are sometimes patiently gathered over the course of weeks and years.
Before you start building a digital temperature sensing circuit, you must take the pure mechanical aspects (not treated in this article) and the electro-thermal aspects of your design into account. To that end, there are several important questions to consider.
We are going to end our latest trilogy of LTSpice simulations with another demonstration of the powerful computing capabilities of this SPICE software in the field of NTC thermistor temperature control.
Although it is common knowledge that their efficiency is poor, Peltier thermoelectric elements are considered the most versatile cooling elements; they are used in a wide range of applications, such as laser diode cooling systems or portable fridge coolers, as well as automotive thermoelectric generators.